Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the London Borough
of Richmond upon Thames, Greater London, in the historic county of Middlesex,
and within the postal town East Molesey, Surrey; it has not been inhabited by
the British Royal Family since the 18th century. The palace is 11.7 miles (18.8
kilometres) south west of Charing Cross and upstream of central London on the
River Thames. It was originally built for Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, a favourite
of King Henry VIII, circa 1514; in 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the palace
was passed to the King, who enlarged it.